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French - Mid 19th and 20th century
Light opera, both in music and subject.
Grew out of the French opéra comique. Associated with the style of the Second Empire by the works of Offenbach, though his best known examples are designated subgenerically as opéras bouffes. Other known subgenres are the Opérette Vaudeville and Saynète (French for sainete).
In English opérette is called operetta (literally 'little opera'), 'comic operas' or Savoy opera referring to the Savoy Theatre in London. The earliest Offenbachian operettas in English were written by Sullivan and Gilbert. Later works influenced the rise of musical theatre.
In German opérette is called operette. Popular Viennese genre during the 19th and 20th centuries, created under the influence of Offenbach and spread to Berlin, Budapest, and other German and east European cities.
Die Fledermaus (Strauss) DE - 1874 3*
Georges Bizet (1838-1875) 3*
Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) 2*
Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880) 1*
Edward Loder (1813-1865)
Franz von Suppé (1819-1895)
Mr Hervé (1825-1892)
Johann Strauss (1825-1899)
Emmanuel Chabrier (1841-1894)
Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900)
Louis Varney (1844-1908)
André Messager (1853-1929)
Victor Herbert (1859-1924)
Edward German (1862-1936)
Franz Lehár (1870-1948)
Reynaldo Hahn (1874-1947)
Rudolf Friml (1879-1972)
Robert Stolz (1880-1975)
Paul Abraham (1892-1960)
Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975)